Michelangelo Falco & Roberto Zamparelli (University of Trento)
The only real pro-nouns
The study of pronouns has focused on personal pronouns replacing Determiner Phrases, paying little attention to pronouns which replace subparts of DPs, namely Noun Phrases (NPs), such as French "en", Italian "ne" and English "one(s)". Although "ne" should be lexically equivalent to "one", the two forms seems to obey different constraints. In this paper, we argue that the differences are superficial, and can be ascribed to independent properties of Italian and English. We show that the diverging acceptability of "one(s)" and "ne" when these forms appear bare, without a determiner, confirms a Carlsonian view of bare nouns, but points to a difference between English and Italian bare nouns. We study the conditions for bare "ne" and show that they support a tripartite classification of verbs according to the type of object they select. Finally, we show that the fact that pro-NPs cannot be reduced to the Elbourne's format for pronouns is a welcome result, since pro-NP pronouns do not display the binding and anaphoric properties of pro-DP pronouns.